The Aztecs customarily sacrificed individuals to pacify gods. They showed heads of their dead on huge, tube-shaped racks called tzompantli, created using lines of skulls mortared together. The Aztecs utilized these long towers to flaunt their kingdom strength to foes and intruders.
A week ago, Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) declared that scientists had found a part of one such tower under the remnants of Mexico City’s Templo Mayor. It contained 119 skulls which include the skull of men, women, and children.
Archeologists previously found this tower, called Huei Tzompantli, five years back. The skulls date back more than 500 years. The new area they discovered contains a total number of 484 skulls, According to INAH. The new set of skulls was found in March, 10 feet under the roads of the Mexican capital. (Mexico City was based on top of the Aztec empire’s capital, Mexico-Tenochtitlán.)
Alejandra Frausto Guerrero, Mexico City’s culture secretary, said: “The Huei Tzompantli is, without a doubt, one of the most impressive archaeological finds of recent years in our country, it is an important testament to the power and greatness achieved by Mexico-Tenochtitlán.”
Archeologists said Huei Tzompantli was fabricated some time somewhere between 1486 and 1502. It probably sat in a sanctuary committed to Huitzilopochtl, the Aztec divine force of war and human penance.
The skulls were all facing inside, at the tzompantli’s hollow center. As indicated by the Associated Press, the Aztecs may have let the flesh on the heads decay off prior to mortaring the lines of skulls together to cement the tower set up.
The archeologists who found the new segment of the tower anticipated that the skulls should have come from male heroes But they were astounded to discover skulls from women and children.
Raúl Barrera Rodríguez, head of INAH’s added: “Although we can’t say how many of these individuals were warriors, perhaps some were captives destined for sacrificial ceremonies, Those sacrificed captives were likely “turned into gifts for the gods or even personifications of deities themselves.